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Institute for Legal Questions on Free and Open Source Software

License Center

At  ifrOSS the licenses for Free Software, Open Source, Open Content, Open Data und Open Source Hardware are collected and assigned to different license categories.   This shall facilitate their usability and characterisation. 

 

A. Open Source Licenses

The following licenses comply with the preconditions of the Free Software Definition and the Open Source Definition. They are labelled in accordance with the respective legal chacteristic as licenses without copyleft effect, licenses with strong copyleft effect, licenses with limited copyleft effect , licenses with restricted options, licenses with privileges, Other Software Licenses, Open Content Licenses and Other Licenses for fair use of Immaterial Goods. However, for some of these licenses, it is discussed controversially, whether the preconditions are fulfilled, because the relevant definitions, the Free Software Definition and the Open Source Definition, are not identical to each other and are modified by a constant developement. The respective licenses are marked as "qualification controversial".

I. Licenses without Copyleft Effect

It is characteristical for licenses without copyleft effect that they grant all rights and privileges of an Open Source license to the user and that they do not restrict the user in case of modifications with further conditions as to which license has to be used subesquently. Thus, the respective licensee may distribute modified versions of the software under a license of his choice and therfore may transform the licensed product to proprietary software.

a) BSD styled Licenses

BSD styled licenses are the original BSD license and its derivates.
    1. 4.4 BSD Copyright (Original BSD-Lizenz):
      https://www.freebsd.org/copyright/license.html
    2. 4Suite License (v. 1.1):
      http://4suite.org/COPYRIGHT.doc
    3. Attribution Assurance License:
      http://eepatents.com/privaria/#license
    4. BSD 2-clause "Simplified" or "FreeBSD" License:
      http://www.freebsd.org/copyright/freebsd-license.html
    5. BSD 3-clause "New" or "Revised" License:
      https://spdx.org/licenses/BSD-3-Clause
    6. BSD 4-clause "Original" or "Old" License:
      http://www.opensource.org/licenses/bsd-license.php
    7. Cougaar Open Source License:
      http://cougaar.org/twiki/bin/view/Main/LicenseText
      (Einordnung umstritten)
    8. Cryptix General License:
      http://www.cryptix.org/LICENSE.TXT
    9. Eiffel Forum License (v. 1.0):
      http://www.eiffel-nice.org/license/forum.txt
    10. Free Fuzzy Logic Library Open Source License:
      http://ffll.sourceforge.net/license.txt
    11. FreeBSD Copyright (Modifizierte BSD-Lizenz):
      http://www.de.freebsd.org/copyright/freebsd-license.html
    12. Horde Apache-like License:
      http://www.horde.org/licenses/asl.php
    13. Indiana University Extreme! Lab Software License, Version 1.2:
      http://www.extreme.indiana.edu/license.txt
    14. Intel Open Source License for CDSA/CSSM Implementation:
      http://www.opensource.org/licenses/intel-open-source-license.php
    15. ISC License (Bind, DHCP Server):
      http://www.isc.org/software/license
    16. Lua Copyright notice:
      http://www.lua.org/copyright.html
    17. Open Media Group Open Source License:
      http://www.openmediagroup.com/license.html
    18. OpenLDAP Public License (v. 2.7):
      http://www.openldap.org/doc/admin21/license.html
    19. OpenSSL License (Einordnung umstritten):
      http://www.openssl.org/source/license.html
    20. Pangeia Informatica Copyright (v. 1.2):
      http://www.chkrootkit.org/COPYRIGHT
    21. Phorum License (v. 2.0):
      http://phorum.org/license.txt
    22. PHP License (v. 3.0):
      http://www.php.net/license/3_0.txt
    23. Python Software Foundation License v2:
      http://spdx.org/licenses/Python-2.0#licenseText
    24. skyBuilders Open Source License:
      http://www.skybuilders.com/OpenSourceLicense.html
    25. SpeechWorks Public License - Software (v. 1.1):
      http://www.speech.cs.cmu.edu/openvxi/OpenVXI_1_4/License.txt
    26. The SpeechWorks Public License (v. 1.1 ):
      http://www.speech.cs.cmu.edu/openvxi/OpenVXI_1_4/License.txt
    27. Udanax Open-Source License:
      http://udanax.xanadu.com/license.html
    28. Wide Open License (WOL):
      http://www.dspguru.com/wol2.htm
    29. X Window System License:
      http://www.x.org/Downloads_terms.html
    30. Zope Public License 2.0:
      http://opensource.org/licenses/ZPL-2.0

    b) Other Licenses without Copyleft Effect

      1. Academic Free License (AFL) (v. 1.1):
        http://opensource-definition.org/licenses/afl-1.1.txt
      2. Academic Free License (AFL) (v. 1.2):
        http://opensource-definition.org/licenses/academic.html
      3. Academic Free License (AFL) (v. 2.0):
        http://opensource-definition.org/licenses/afl-2.0.html
      4. Academic Free License (AFL) (v. 2.1):
        http://opensource-definition.org/licenses/afl-2.1.html
      5. Academic Free License (AFL) (v. 3.0):
        http://www.rosenlaw.com/AFL3.0.htm
      6. Beerware License:
        http://people.freebsd.org/~phk/
        /* * --------------------------------------------------------------------------...
      7. Boost Software License (Einordnung umstritten):
        http://www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt
      8. CNRI Open Source License Agreement:
        http://www.handle.net/python_licenses/python1.6_9-5-00.html
         (bis Python 1.6)
      9. Condor Public License (v. 1.1):
        http://www.cs.wisc.edu/condor/license.html#condor
      10. FreeType Project License:
        http://www.freetype.org/FTL.TXT
      11. Galen Open Source License (GOSL):
        http://www.opengalen.org/gosl.html
      12. Globus Toolkit Public License (GTPL) (v. 2.0):
        http://www.globus.org/toolkit/license.html
      13. Lucent Public License Version (v. 1.02):
        https://opensource.org/licenses/LPL-1.02
      14. PSF License Agreement (Python):
        http://www.python.org/2.0.1/license.html
      15. SFL License Agreement (iMatix):
        http://legacy.imatix.com/html/sfl/sfl4.htm
      16. Standard ML of New Jersey Copyright Notice:
        http://cm.bell-labs.com/cm/cs/what/smlnj/license.html
      17. Suneido Free Software License:
        http://www.suneido.com/free_software_license.htm
      18. Zope Public License (v. 2.1):
        http://www.zope.org/Resources/ZPL

      II. Licenses with strong Copyleft Effect

      Licenses have a strong copyleft effect if licensee is shall distribute the modified software only under the same license terms as the software originally acquired. This, however, does not necessarily mean that the licenses as listed listed are "GPL compatible".

      a) GPL styled Licenses

        1. Affero General Public License:
          http://www.affero.org/oagpl.html
        2. Alternate Route Open Source License (v. 1.1):
          http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/eesc/bridge/alternateroute/arosl.htm
        3. CeCILL Free Software License Agreement v1.0:
          http://www.cecill.info/licences/Licence_CeCILL_V1-fr.html
        4. CeCILL Free Software License Agreement v2.0:
          http://www.cecill.info/licences/Licence_CeCILL_V2-fr.html
        5. CeCILL-B Free Software License Agreement:
          http://www.cecill.info/licences/Licence_CeCILL-B_V1-fr.html
        6. CeCILL-C Free Software License Agreement:
          http://www.cecill.info/licences/Licence_CeCILL-C_V1-fr.html
        7. CrossPoint Quelltextlizenz:
          http://www.crosspoint.de/srclicense.html
        8. GNU Affero General Public License (AGPLv3) (v. 3.0):
          http://www.fsf.org/licensing/licenses/agpl-3.0.html
        9. GNU Classpath - GPL with special exception:
          http://www.gnu.org/software/classpath/license.html
          (GPL with special exception)
        10. GNU Emacs General Public License:
          http://www.free-soft.org/gpl_history/emacs_gpl.html
        11. GNU General Public License (GPL) (v. 1.0):
          http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/copying-1.0.html
        12. GNU General Public License (GPL) (v. 2.0):
          http://www.gnu.org/licenses/old-licenses/gpl-2.0.html
        13. GNU General Public License (GPL) (v. 3.0):
          http://www.fsf.org/licensing/licenses/gpl.html
        14. GNU General Public License (GPL) (v. 3.0):
          http://www.gnu.de/gpl-ger.html
          (Inoffizielle deutsche Übersetzung)
        15. GNU General Public License v2.0 w/Bison exception:
          http://spdx.org/licenses/GPL-2.0-with-bison-exception#licenseText
        16. GNU General Public License v2.0 w/Classpath exception:
          http://www.gnu.org/software/classpath/license.html
        17. GNU General Public License v2.0 w/Font exception:
          http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-faq.html#FontException
        18. GNU General Public License v2.0 w/GCC Runtime Library exception:
          http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-faq.html
        19. GNU General Public License v3.0 w/Autoconf exception:
          http://www.gnu.org/licenses/autoconf-exception-3.0.html
        20. GNU General Public License v3.0 w/GCC Runtime Library exception:
          http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gcc-exception-3.1.html
        21. Honest Public License (HPL) (1.0):
          http://www.projectpier.org/manual/tour/licence
        22. Honest Public License (HPL) (1.1):
          http://www.gnugeneration.com/licenses/HPLv1.1.txt
        23. wxWindows Library License v. 3.1 (OSI):
          https://www.wxwidgets.org/about/licence/
           

        b) Other Licenses with strong Copyleft Effect

        III. Licenses with restricted Copyleft Effect

        Licenses with limited Copyleft Effect are similar to the licenses as listed supra II., because they have a copyleft effect. Here, however, the Copyleft Effect is limited. If modifications are made in a seperate file, such file's content may be distributed under a license different from the original license, e.g. a proprietary license. This kind of licenses is designed for combining more easily software under different licenses.

        a) MPL styled Licenses

          1. Common Development and Distribution License (CDDL) (v. 1.0):
            http://oss.oracle.com/licenses/CDDL
          2. Common Development and Distribution License, Version 1.1 (CDDL v 1.1):
            https://glassfish.java.net/public/CDDL+GPL_1_1.html
          3. Common Public Attribution License 1.0:
            http://www.opensource.org/licenses/cpal_1.0
          4. CUA Office Public License v1.0:
            http://www.opensource.org/licenses/cuaoffice.php
          5. Erlang Public License (v. 1.1):
            http://www.erlang.org/EPLICENSE
          6. Erlang Public License v1.1:
            http://www.erlang.org/EPLICENSE
          7. Mozilla Public License (v. 1.0):
            http://www.mozilla.org/MPL/MPL-1.0.html
          8. Mozilla Public License (v. 1.1):
            http://www.mozilla.org/MPL/MPL-1.1.html
          9. Mozilla Public License (v. 2.0):
            http://www.mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/
          10. NASA Open Source Agreement (v. 1.3):
            http://worldwind.arc.nasa.gov/worldwind-nosa-1.3.html
          11. Open Telecom Public License:
            http://www.ifross.de/Fremdartikel/otpl.htm
          12. Red Hat eCos Public License v1.1:
            http://ecos.sourceware.org/old-license.html
          13. SugarCRM Public License v1.1.3:
            http://www.sugarcrm.com/crm/SPL
          14. Sun Industry Standards Source License (v. 1.1):
            http://www.openoffice.org/licenses/sissl_license.html
          15. Sun Public License:
            http://java.sun.com/spl.html
          16. Sybase Open Watcom Public License 1.0:
            http://www.opensource.org/licenses/sybase.php

          b) Other Licenses with restricted Copyleft Effect

            1. Apple Public Source License (v. 2.0):
              http://www.opensource.apple.com/apsl/2.0.txt
            2. BitTorrent Open Source License v1.0:
              http://spdx.org/licenses/BitTorrent-1.0#licenseText
            3. Bremer Lizenz für freie Softwarebibliotheken (OSCI-Lizenz) (v. 1.0):
              http://www1.osci.de/sixcms/media.php/13/Bremer_Lizenz.pdf
              (.pdf-Dokument)
            4. Cougaar Open Source License Agreement:
              http://cougaar.org/docman/view.php/17/126/old_cosl_license.html
              (Einordnung umstritten)
            5. GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) (v. 2.1):
              http://www.gnu.org/licenses/old-licenses/lgpl-2.1.html
            6. GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) (v. 3.0):
              http://www.gnu.org/licenses/lgpl.html
            7. GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) (v. 3.0):
              http://www.gnu.de/lgpl-ger.html
              ( Inoffizielle deutsche Übersetzung)
            8. GNU Library General Public License (LibGPL) (v. 2.0):
              http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/library.html
            9. Jabber Open Source License:
              http://archive.jabber.org/core/JOSL.pdf
            10. Motosoto Open Source License (v. 0.9.1):
              http://opensource.org/licenses/motosoto.php
            11. Sybase Open Watcom Public License:
              http://downloads.openwatcom.org/ftp/license.txt
            12. wxWindows Library License (v. 3.0):
              http://www.freiburg.linux.de/~wxxt/licence.html

            IV. Licenses with Restricted Choice

            These licenses have several legal effects, depending on the scope of the respective modification. Furthermore, licensee has a restricted choice of how to distribute modifications of the software.
              1. Artistic License (v. 1.0):
                http://www.perlfoundation.org/artistic_license_1_0
                (Einordnung umstritten)
              2. Keith Devens' Open Source License:
                http://www.keithdevens.com/software/license/
              3. LaTeX Project Public License (LPPL) (v. 1.0):
                http://www.latex-project.org/lppl/lppl-1-0.html
              4. LaTeX Project Public License (LPPL) (v. 1.1):
                http://www.latex-project.org/lppl/lppl-1-1.html
              5. LaTeX Project Public License (LPPL) (v. 1.2):
                http://www.latex-project.org/lppl/lppl-1-2.html
              6. LaTeX Project Public License (LPPL) (v. 1.3b):
                http://www.latex-project.org/lppl/lppl-1-3b-de.html
                (Inoffizielle deutsche Übersetzung)
              7. LaTeX Project Public License (LPPL) (v. 1.3c):
                http://www.latex-project.org/lppl/lppl-1-3c.html
              8. SGI Free Software License B (v. 1.0):
                http://oss.sgi.com/projects/FreeB/SGIFreeSWLicB.1.0.html
                (Einordnung umstritten)
              9. SGI Free Software License B (v. 1.1):
                http://oss.sgi.com/projects/FreeB
                (Einordnung umstritten)

              V. Licenses with Privileges

              Licenses with privileges do grant to licensee all the rights characteristic for Free Software, but at the same time reserve special privilegs for licensor, in case licensee modifies the software. This kind of license is often used turning proprietary software into Free Software.
                1. Apple Public Source License:
                  http://www.opensource.apple.com/apsl/1.0.txt
                  (Einordnung umstritten)
                2. Apple Public Source License (v. 1.1):
                  http://www.opensource.apple.com/apsl/1.1.txt
                  (Einordnung umstritten)
                3. Apple Public Source License (v. 1.2):
                  http://www.opensource.apple.com/apsl/1.2.txt
                  (Einordnung umstritten)
                4. Macromedia Open Source License Agreement (v. 1.0):
                  http://www.adobe.com/v1/handlers/index.cfm?ID=23075
                5. Netscape Public License (NPL) (v. 1.0):
                  http://www.mozilla.org/NPL/NPL-1.0.html
                6. Netscape Public License (NPL) (v. 1.1):
                  http://www.mozilla.org/NPL/NPL-1.1.html
                7. OCLC Research Public License (v. 2.0):
                  http://www.oclc.org/research/software/license/v2final.htm
                8. Open Map Software License Agreement:
                  http://openmap.bbn.com/license.html
                9. Q Public License (QPL):
                  http://doc.trolltech.com/4.0/qpl.html
                10. RealNetworks Community Source License - Research and Development Use (RCSL R&D)(v 3.0):
                  https://helixcommunity.org/content/rcsl
                11. RealNetworks Public Source License (RPSL) (v. 1.0):
                  https://community.helixcommunity.org/content/rpsl

                B. Other Software Licenses

                The licenses listed below are used in the world of Free Software or seem to be Open Source Software without fulfilling the preconditions of the Free Software Definition or the Open Source Definition. Some of them are "non-profit licenses" which, other than real Open Source licenses, ban commercial distribution.
                  1. Aladdin Free Public License (v. 8.0):
                    http://www.cs.wisc.edu/~ghost/doc/AFPL/6.01/Public.htm
                  2. Aladdin Free Public License (v. 9.0):
                    http://www.artifex.com/downloads/doc/Public.htm
                  3. CrossPoint Quelltext Lizenz (alt):
                    http://www.crosspoint.de/oldlicense.html
                  4. Enhydra Public License (v. 1.1):
                    http://ksoap.objectweb.org/software/license/index.html
                    (Einordnung umstritten)
                  5. Hacktivismo Enhanced-Source Software License Agreement (v. 0.1) (HESSLA):
                    http://www.hacktivismo.com/about/hessla.php
                  6. Jahia Community Source License (JSCL) (v.012):
                    http://www.jahia.org/jahia/Jahia/pid/145
                  7. Open Public License:
                    http://wyatterp.com/opl.html
                    (Einordnung umstritten)
                  8. RedHat eCos Public License (v. 1.1):
                    http://ecos.sourceware.org/old-license.html
                    (Einordnung umstritten)
                  9. SGI Free Software License B (v. 1.0):
                    http://oss.sgi.com/projects/FreeB/SGIFreeSWLicB.1.0.html
                    (Einordnung umstritten)
                  10. ShippySoft Source Available License (SSSAL):
                    http://www.shippysoft.com/license.shtml
                  11. Squeak License (Apple):
                    http://squeak.org/SqueakLicense/
                  12. Sun Solaris Source Code (Foundation Release) License (v. 1.1):
                    http://www.mibsoftware.com/librock/librock/license/ssscfr.txt
                  13. The Code Project Open License (CPOL) 1.02:
                    http://www.codeproject.com/info/cpol10.aspx
                    Die CPOL entspricht nicht der Free Software Definition oder der Open Source...
                  14. University of Utah Public License:
                    http://www.cs.utah.edu/~gk/teem/txt/LICENSE.txt
                  15. YaST und SuSE Linux Lizenzbestimmungen:
                    http://www.suse.de/de/private/support/licenses/yast.html

                  C. Open Content Licenses

                  Open Content licenses aim at transferring the idea underlying Free Software upon copyrightable works other than software. There is no generally accepted definition of Open Content, and therefore these licenses are quite heterogeneous.
                    1. Apple's Common Documentation License (v. 1.0):
                      http://www.opensource.apple.com/cdl
                    2. Creative Commons Attribution 1.0:
                      http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/1.0/legalcode
                    3. Creative Commons Attribution 2.0:
                      http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/legalcode
                    4. Creative Commons Attribution 2.5:
                      http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/legalcode
                    5. Creative Commons Attribution 3.0:
                      http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/legalcode
                    6. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International:
                      https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode
                    7. Creative Commons Attribution No Derivatives 1.0:
                      http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/1.0/legalcode
                    8. Creative Commons Attribution No Derivatives 2.0:
                      http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/2.0/legalcode
                    9. Creative Commons Attribution No Derivatives 2.5:
                      http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/2.5/legalcode
                    10. Creative Commons Attribution No Derivatives 3.0:
                      http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/3.0/legalcode
                    11. Creative Commons Attribution NoDerivatives 4.0 International:
                      https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/legalcode
                    12. Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 1.0:
                      http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/1.0/legalcode
                    13. Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 2.0:
                      http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/legalcode
                    14. Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 2.5:
                      http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.5/legalcode
                    15. Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0:
                      http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/legalcode
                    16. Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial No Derivatives 1.0:
                      http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd-nc/1.0/legalcode
                    17. Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial No Derivatives 2.0:
                      http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/legalcode
                    18. Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial No Derivatives 2.5:
                      http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/legalcode
                    19. Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial No Derivatives 3.0:
                      http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/legalcode
                    20. Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 1.0:
                      http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/1.0/legalcode
                    21. Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 2.0:
                      http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/legalcode
                    22. Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 2.5:
                      http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/legalcode
                    23. Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0:
                      http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/legalcode
                    24. Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial NoDerivatives 4.0 International:
                      https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/legalcode
                    25. Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial ShareAlike 4.0 International:
                      https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/legalcode
                    26. Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 1.0:
                      http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0/legalcode
                    27. Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 2.0:
                      http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/legalcode
                    28. Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 2.5:
                      http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5/legalcode
                    29. Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0:
                      http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/legalcode
                    30. Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 4.0 International:
                      https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/legalcode
                    31. Creative Commons Licenses:
                      http://creativecommons.org/licenses
                    32. Creative Commons Zero v1.0 Universal:
                      http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/legalcode
                    33. Digital Peer Publishing License - "freie DPPL" (f-DPPL):
                      http://www.dipp.nrw.de/lizenzen/dppl/index_html/fdppl/f-DPPL_v1_de_11-2004.html
                    34. Digital Peer Publishing License - "modulare DPPL" (m-DPPL):
                      http://www.dipp.nrw.de/lizenzen/dppl/index_html/mdppl/m-DPPL_v1_de_11-2004.html
                    35. Ethymonics Free Music License:
                      http://www.ethymonics.co.uk/fml.html
                    36. GNU Free Documentation License (FDL) (v. 1.1):
                      http://www.gnu.org/licenses/old-licenses/fdl-1.1.html
                    37. GNU Free Documentation License (FDL) (v. 1.1):
                      http://nautix.sourceforge.net/docs/fdl.de.html
                      (inoffizielle deutsche Übersetzung)
                    38. GNU Free Documentation License (FDL) (v. 1.2):
                      http://www.giese-online.de/gnufdl-de.html
                      (inoffizielle deutsche Übersetzung)
                    39. GNU Free Documentation License (FDL) (v. 1.2):
                      http://www.gnu.org/licenses/old-licenses/fdl-1.2.html
                    40. GNU Free Documentation License (FDL) (v. 1.3):
                      http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html
                    41. ifrOSS` Freie Lizenz für Texte und Textdatenbanken (IFL Text):
                      http://www.ifross.de/ifross_html/ifl.html
                    42. Linux Documentation Project Copying License:
                      http://tldp.org/LDP-COPYRIGHT.html
                    43. Lizenz "Freie Kunst":
                      http://artlibre.org/licence.php/lalde.html
                      (Übersetzung der Free Art License)
                    44. Lizenz für die freie Nutzung unveränderter Inhalte:
                      http://www.cec.nrw.de/Lizenzen/uvm-lizenz2html.htm
                    45. Lizenz für die nichtkommerzielle Nutzung von Inhalten an Schulen und Hochschulen:
                      http://www.cec.nrw.de/Lizenzen/uvm-lizenz4html.htm
                    46. Lizenz für die Nutzung von Inhalten in bestimmten Nutzerkreisen:
                      http://www.cec.nrw.de/Lizenzen/uvm-lizenz3html.htm
                    47. Open Content License (OPL):
                      http://opencontent.org/opl.shtml
                    48. Open Directory Project License:
                      http://dmoz.org/license.html
                    49. Open Publication License (v. 1.0):
                      http://opencontent.org/openpub
                    50. Open Source Music License (OSML):
                      http://www.rootrecords.org/licenses.html
                    51. Public Documentation License (PDL):
                      http://www.openoffice.org/licenses/PDL.html

                    D. Other Licenses for Fair Use of Immaterial Goods

                    The following chapter, shows licenses which neither couldn´t be assumed to Free Software nor to the class of Open Content. They build an own kind of licenses in the category of immaterial goods.
                      1. BiOS Material Transfer Agreemant (v. 1.0):
                        http://www.bios.net/daisy/bios/licenses/2998/3004.html
                      2. CAMBIA Plant Molecular Enabling Technology BiOS License (v. 1.5):
                        http://www.bios.net/daisy/bios/3530/version/default/part/AttachmentData/data/BiO...
                      3. Open Database License (ODbL) (v. 1.0):
                        http://www.opendatacommons.org/licenses/odbl/

                      E. Contributor License Agreements

                      Dieser Abschnitt führt Vereinbarungen auf, die eine eigene ("inbound") Lizenz enthalten. Sie verweisen ("outbound") zusätzlich auf externe Lizenztexte. Übersetzen lässt sich der Begriff als Entwicklerlizenzvereinbarung.

                      I. CLA mit nicht-ausschließlicher Lizenz

                        1. Apache Individual Contributor License Agreement V 2.0:
                          http://www.apache.org/licenses/icla.txt
                        2. Aribaweb Contributor Agreement v. 1:
                          http://aribaweb.org/AribaWeb_Contributor_Agreement.pdf
                        3. Box, Inc. Contributor License Agreement:
                          http://opensource.box.com/cla/
                        4. Django Software Foundation Individual Contributor License Agreement:
                          https://www.djangoproject.com/m/foundation/icla.pdf
                        5. Dojo Foundation Individual CLA:
                          http://dojofoundation.org/about/claForm
                        6. Fedora Project Individual Contributor License Agreement:
                          https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Legal:Licenses/CLA
                        7. Google Individual Contributor License Agreement:
                          https://developers.google.com/open-source/cla/individual
                        8. Harmony Individual Contributor License Agreement:
                          http://harmonyagreements.org/docs/ha-cla-i-v1.pdf
                        9. NodeJS Contributor License Agreement:
                          http://nodejs.org/cla.html
                        10. Open Web Foundation Contributor License Agreement v. 1.0 (Patent and Copyright Grants):
                          https://sites.google.com/site/openwebfoundation/legal/the-owf-1-0-agreements/owf...
                        11. Perl Foundation Contributor License Agreement:
                          http://www.perlfoundation.org/contributor_license_agreement
                        12. RedHat CCM Public License v. 1.0:
                          http://www.redhat.com/licenses/ccmpl.html
                        13. Symbian Agreement for ongoing non-member contributions:
                          http://www.symlab.org/wiki/images/9/9e/Non-Member_Contribution_Agreement.pdf
                        14. Typesafe, Inc. Individual Contributor License Agreement:
                          http://downloads.typesafe.com/website/legal/TypesafeContributorLicenseAgreement-...
                        15. W3C Community Contributor License Agreement:
                          http://www.w3.org/community/about/agreements/cla/

                        II. CLA mit ausschließlicher Lizenz, Assignments

                          1. Free Software Foundation Assignment (GNU):
                            http://ftp.xemacs.org/old-beta/FSF/assign.changes
                          2. Free Software Foundation Europe Fiduciary License Agreement:
                            http://fsfe.org/activities/ftf/FLA.en.pdf
                          3. Harmony Individual Contributor Assignment Agreement:
                            http://harmonyagreements.org/docs/ha-caa-i-v1.pdf
                          4. Novell Copyright Assignment Agreement for Open Source Projects:
                            ftp://sdk.provo.novell.com/ndk/evolution/docs/copyright_form.pdf

                          F. Committer Agreements

                          Der folgende Abschnitt führt Vereinbarungen auf, die die Umstände eines Beitrags regeln. Sie enthalten keine eigene Lizenz, sondern verweisen auf externe Lizenztexte. Übersetzen lässt sich der Begriff Committer Agreement als Entwicklerrahmenvereinbarung.

                          a) BSDartige Lizenzen (Einordnung umstritten)